Getting Over A Sinus Infection
Getting Over A Sinus Infection:
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses. Inflammation may be a short-term, acute, caused by a bacterial infection that follows another as during a cold. In other cases, sinusitis can be a prerequisite to long-term, chronic, complicated by allergies or structural problems of the nose.
What are sinuses?
The sinuses are hollow cavities within the skull located in the forehead, the cheek, between and behind the eyes. They are connected to the nose through small notices not larger than a pinhead. Blocking these communications caused by not treating colds, allergies, or polyps (proliferation of the lining of the sinuses) causes pain on the face often. The blockade of a breast may create conditions favoring a disproportionate growth of bacteria, such as, for example, algae growing in stagnant water. The sinuses are located zygomatic bone and around and behind the nose. It is believed that the main function of the sinuses is to warm, and filter the air inside the nasal cavity. They play a role in our ability to vocalize some sounds.
Colds and allergies are the main risk factors for developing sinusitis
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses usually caused by bacterial infections subsequent to viral infections like the common cold. Other risk factors for developing sinusitis include allergies untreated, abnormal nasal anatomy (septal deviation, etc..), Smoking, nasal polyps and abuse of nasal spray decongestants.
Sinusitis may be acute or chronic
There are two types of sinusitis: acute sinusitis – an infection that lasts up to 3 weeks caused, in most cases, bacterial infection that usually occurs as a complication of a viral respiratory infection like the common cold or Untreated allergy. Chronic sinusitis – an infection that lasts for more than three weeks can also be caused by viral infections but is more often a chronic inflammatory disorder similar to bronchial asthma. The chronic sinusitis can last for months or years if not treated properly. Allergies, structural problems or immunological problems can lead to chronic sinus infections.
The symptoms and signs of sinusitis are many
Signs and symptoms of sinusitis vary depending on the level of severity of inflammation and depending on which sinuses are involved. Some or all of the following symptoms and signs may be present: – thick mucus, green or yellow from the bottom of the nose or throat. – Loss of sense of smell and taste – Bad breath / unpleasant taste in the mouth – Sore throat / cough – Fatigue – Fever and chills – facial congestion (feeling of fullness) and pain – headache / toothache – Feeling pressure that worsens when you lie It ‘important to consult your doctor promptly if you develop these signs or symptoms.
Because allergy is a risk factor for the development of sinusitis?
Allergy can cause chronic sinus inflammation and mucus it produces. This inflammation prevents the normal clearance of bacteria from the sinus cavities increasing the chances of developing secondary bacterial sinusitis. A patient allergic to pay particular attention to the symptoms described above, and report promptly to his specialist to begin treatment as soon as appropriate.
Environmental irritants may increase symptoms
Patients with sinus problems and allergies should avoid environmental irritants such as tobacco, smoke and odors that may increase particularly intense symptoms.
Effective treatment depends on correct diagnosis
Even if there are symptoms, the infection may not be present. To confirm the diagnosis, the specialist will inform the progress of symptoms in recent months and earlier in the winter months, submit the patient to a visit with rhinos-copy and perform A tests. In particularly serious cases may request a CT scan of sinuses.
Against Rhinitis Sinusitis
Although many symptoms of both diseases are similar, it is important that sinusitis is not confused with rhinitis. Rhinitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of nose and paranasal sinuses. Often caused by allergies, increased sensitivity to irritants such as smoke, temperature changes or the abuse of nasal spray decongestants. The poorly controlled rhinitis may, however, lead to sinusitis.
Early treatment can reduce the need for heavy treatments
About half of all sinusitis resolve without antibiotics systemically (by mouth or by injection). In people with frequent infections is important to treat underlying problems such as allergies. It ‘also important to treat the symptoms promptly to their occurrence in order to avoid the use of systemic antibiotic therapy. The local treatments are represented by aerosols and washing with hypertonic solutions, steroids and antibiotics. In severe cases antibiotic therapy is used systemically (oral or injection). In cases of non-response and persistent problems for a long time despite adequate treatment is not to resort to surgery to remove diseased tissue, these polyps and / or drain the sinuses.